Rig Vedi Avani Avittam*

 

1.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra

( Manthra for wearing Poonal)

a.Aachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam. Santhaye

b.Om Bhoo..Bhoorbhavaswarom

c.Mamo partha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri paameshwara preethyartham

Sroutha smartha vihitha sadachara nithya karmaanushtanaa yogyatha sidhyartham brhma teja abhivrudyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye.

 

d.Yagnopaveetha dharana maha manthrasya

Parabrhma rishi(Touch forehead)

Trushtup chanda (touch below nose)

Paramathma devatha (touch heart)

 

e.Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga

 

Wear Poonal one by one by reciting(poonal should be held by both hands, the tie in the poonal being held above by the right hand facing upwards)

Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram praja pathe,

Yat sahajam purasthad aayushyam

Agriyam prathi muncha shubram yagnopaveetham balamasthu theja.

 

f.After wearing all poonals one by one do Aachamanam

g.Remove the old poonals and break them to pieces by reciting

 

Upaveetham bhinna thanthum jeernam kasmala dooshitham, visrujami jale punarbrahman varcho deergayurasthu me.

 

h.Do aachamanam.

Summary meaning: I wear the white yagnopavitha that is purifying , which was born along with brahma, which is capable of increasing life .I am sure this would give glory and strength to me.I am destroying the dirty , soiled yasgnopavita .

 

2.Kamo karshet Japam

a.Aaachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam.Santhaye

b.Om Bhoo

c.Mamo partha--- Preethyartham

Tadeva lagnam sudhinam tadaiva, tharaa balam chandra balam thadaiva , vidhya balam daiva balam tadaiva, Sri Lakshmi pathe aangriyugam smaramaami

Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam paapam , karmanaa

Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama

Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha

Yogascha karanam chaiva sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,

Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda

Aadhya sri bagavatha mahaa purushasya Vishnor Agnaya , Pravarthamanasya , Aadhya brhmana , dweethiya parardhe, swetha varaha kalpe, , Vaivaswatha manvanthare, ashta vimsathi thame, kali yuge, prathame padhe, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe , Bharatha kande, Mero dakshine parswe. Asmin varthamane , vyavaharike prabhavaadheenam sashti samvatsaranaam madhye , Dharana nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, varsha rithou, simha mase, shukla pakshe, chadurdasyam shubha thidou, sthira vasara yukthayam, sravana nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna, viseshana visishtaayam, asyam chadurdasyam before shubha thidou, taishyaam Chathurdasyam adhyot sarjana akarana praayaschithartham , samvatsara praayaschithartham, cha ashtothara satha samkhyaa kamo karsheth manyura karsheth ithi maha manthra japam karishye.

d.Then chant Kamo karsheth manyura karsheth namo nama 108 times

e.Afterwards perform Aachamana and sayKama manyu upastham karishye , Om tat sat brahmaarpanam asthu.

 

Summary meaning:The Brahmin first prays God that the time of doing whatever it may be should become holy and this he is sure is achieved by prayer to God.Then he tells when he is doing this japa, for example which year, which season, which day and so on.And he says that this japa is being done as a repentance for his not perfornming various religious duties during the year that he ought to have performed.The main manthra is a prayer to pardon the lapses which were due to Kama(passion) krodha(anger) and lopa(avarice)

 

3.Maha Samkalpam

( after Madhyaanikam and Brahma yagnam*)

a.Aachamanam

b.Shuklam baradharam..

c.Om bhoo

d.Maha samkalpam

Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam paapam , karmanaa

Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama rama

Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha

Yogascha karanam chaiva sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,

Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda

Aadya sri bhagawatha, Aadi vishno, Aadinarayanasya achinthyaya , aparimithaya, sakthyaa, briyamaanasya, mahaa jaloughasya madhye,

paribrhamatham aneka koti brhmaandanam madhye, eka thame, prithya aptejo vayvakaasaa ahankaradhi -mahada vyakthai-aavaranair- aavruthe- asmin mahathi bramanda-karandaka-madhye aadhara sakthi koormaa nandathi ashta diggajopari prathishtithasya , athala-vithala-suthala-rasaathala-thalaa thala-mahaathala-pathalakyai loka sapthakasya upari thale, punya kruthaam nivaasabhuthe bhoor bhuvar-suvar-mahar-janarr-thapa-satyaakhyai loka shatkasya adho bhage mahaa nalayamana phani raja seshasya sahasra phanaa mani mandala mandithe, dighdanthi-shunda dhanda-uttambhithe, panchasath koti yojana vistheerne, lokaloka achalena valayithe lavaneshu-sura-sarpi-dhadhi-ksheera-udakaarnavischa parivruthe, jambhu-plaksha-saka-salmali-kusa-krouncha-pushkarakhya saptha dweepanaam madhye, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe, bharatha kande, prajaapathi kshetre dandakaaranya-chamapakaaranya-vindhyaaranya-veekshaaranya-vedaaranayaadhi, aneka punya aaranyaanam Madhya pradeshe, karma bhoomou, rama sethu-kedharayoo madya pradaeshe , Bhaageerathi-Gouthami-Krishna veni-Yamuna-Narmadaa-Thungabadhraa-Triveni-Malaapahaarini-kaveri- ithyadi , aaneka punya nadhi viraajithe, Indraprastha-Yamaprastha-Aavanthikaapuri-Hasthinaapuri-Ayodhyaa puri-Maayaa puri-Kasi puri-Kanchi puri-Dwarakaa aadi aneka punya puree viraajithe Sakala jagat srushta, parardha dwaya jeevana, bramana dweethiya parardhe, Pancha sathabdhou, prathame varshe, prathame mase, prathame pakshe, prathame divasae, aahni, dweethiye yame, trithiye muhurthe, swayambhuva-swarochisha-uthama-thamasa-raivatha-chakshu shakheshu, shatsu manusha atheetheshu, sapthame vaivaswathe manvanthare, aashta vimsathi thame, kali yuge, prathame padhe, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe , Bharatha kande, Mero dakshine parswe. Asmin varthamane , vyavaharike prabhavaadheenam sashtya samvatsaranaam madhye , Dharana nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, Varsha rithou, Simha mase, shukla pakshe, aadhya chathurdasyam shubha thidou, Sthira vasara yukthayam, Sravana nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna, viseshana visishtaayam, asyam chathurdasyam shubha thidou,

anaadhya vidhya pravarthamane asmin mahathi samsara chakre vichitrabhi karma gathibhi vichitrasu yonishu puna puna anekadha janithwa kenapi punya karma viseshena idhaanimthana manushye dwijanma visesham prapthavatho mama jjanmabhyasa jjanama prabruthi ethath kshana paryantham , baalye, vayasi kaumare yowane vaardhake cha jagrath swapna sushupthya avasthamsu mano vak kaya karmendriya jnanendriya vyaparai kama-krodha-lobha-moha-madha-mathsaryaadhi sambhavithaanam iha janmani janmanthare cha jnana ajnana kruthaanam maha pathakanaam mahaa patathakanumanthratwadeenam , samapathakaanaam upapaathakaanaam malini karanaanam nindhitha dhana dhaano upa jeevanaadeenam aapathrikarananaam jathi bramsa karaanam vihitha karma thyaagaaadeenam jnanadha sakruth kruthanaam ajnanatha asakruth kruthaanam sarveeshaam papaanam sadhya aapanodhanartham

aswatha narayana sannidhou-deva brahmana sannidhou-tryaa trimsath koti devathaa sannidhou-sri visaalakshi sametha visweswara swami sannidhou-mahaa ganapathi sannidhou-seetha lakshmana bharatha sathrugna-hanumt samedha sri rama chandra swmai sannidhou-sri rukmani sathyabhama samedha sri gopala Krishna swami sannidhou-hari hara puthra swami sannidhou-sri lakshmi narayana swami sannidhou sraavanyaam pournamasyaam adhyopakrama karma karishye.Thadangam sravanee pournamasi punyakale sareera shudhartam shuddhodhaka snanam aham karishye

Athi krura maha kaya, kalpanthahanopama,

Bairavaya namasthubhyam anujnam dathu marhasi

 

Summary meaning:Here again apart from locating oneself with reference to time , one locates himself with reference to place also.We are supposed to live in Jambu Dweepa, Bharatha Kanda which is south of the great mountain Maha meru.Then again this Bhasratha Kanda is blessed with many holy rivers and holy places.Then prayer is done to God to pardon sins committed by word, thought and deed, because this was done inspite of his great grace which made us be born as human beings after several wheels of birth.Also the sins performed during several ages in life is highlighted.Some of the sins specifically mentioned are those done while earning money without conscience, giving money to improper people, actions which did not suit the caste we are born in, sins due to non performance of actions which ought to have been done and so on. We pray God and tell him that we would take bath in holy pure water and then start the veda parayanas which is our duty as Brahmin.

 

4.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra

 

After bath again change poonal by reciting manthra as given in s.No.1.Please note that now a days very rarely people take bath after mahaa sankalpam but do prokshana snanam i.e bath by sprikling of water on the head.

 

5.Kanda Rishi Tharpanam

1,Aachamanam

2,Shklaama baradharam

3.Om bhoo

4.Mamo partha samastha durida kshya dwara sri parameshwata preethyartham sravanyaam pournamaasyam adhyoyapakrama karmangam kanda rishi tharpanam karishye.

Wear poonal as garland and do tharpanam using water mixed with thil (black gingely) and akshatha

Each manthra has to be chanted thrice and tharpanam done.

 

1.Prajapathim kanda rishim tharpayami

2,Somam kanda rishim tharpayami

3.Agnim kanda rishim tharpayami

4.Viswaan devaan kanda rishim tharpayaami

5.Saahinkeer devatha upanishadha tharpayami

6.Yagnigeer devatha upanishadha tharpayaami

7.Vaaruneer devatha upanishadha tharpayami

8.Brhamanagum swayubhuvam tharpayaami

9.Sadasaspathim tharpayami

wear poonal in the normal fashion and then do aachamana.

 

Summary meaning:Tharpanam means really satisfying.By this tharpanam we satisfy the rishi(sages) of Soma(moon), Agni(fire), Viswaan devan(all gods looking after earth), etc.

 

5.Vedarambham

 

Though these are essential part of Avani avittam , I am not giving this because Vedic manthraas are very diffcult to transliterate in to English and reading them wrongly would be counter productive.

 

6.Gaayathri japam

 

1.Aachamanam

2,Shuklaam baradharam

3.Om bhoo

4.Mamo partha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri parameshwara preethyartham Tadeva lagnam sudhinam tadaiva, tharaa balam chandra balam thadaiva , vidhya balam daiva balam tadaiva, Sri Lakshmi pathe aangriyugam smaramaami

Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam paapam , karmanaa

Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama Shubhe Shobane muhurthe adya Brahmana dwiteeya paradhe , Swetha varaha kalpe, Vaivaswatha Manvanthare, Ashtavimsathi thame , Kali yuge, Prathame pade, Jambhu Dwipe, Bharatha Varshe,Bhartaha Kande, Mero Dakshine Parswe, Sakabdhe, Asmin Varthamane Vyavaharike, Prabhavadhi Sashti Samavathsaranaam Madhye, Dharana nama Samvathsare , Dakshinayane, Varsha Rithou, Simha mase Krishna pakshe aadhya prathamaayam(Before 8 .30 AM IST Pournamyam) shubha thidou Indu vaasara yukthayaam sadha bishak nakshatra yukthaayam shubha yoga shubha karana evam guna viseshana visisishtaayam asyaam prathamaayam(before 8.30 AM Pournamyam) shubha thidou mithyaa theetha prayaschittartham ashtothara sahasra samkya gayatri maha manthra japam karishye.

Start from Pravasya Rishi brahma. followed by aayathith anuvagasya and then chant the gaythri manthra 1008 times.

Complete with Abhivaadaye and then complete with

Kayena vacha..

 

Appendix: Brahma Yagnam

 

1.Do aachamanam

Face easterly direction

2.Chant Shuklam baradaram

3. Do Pranayamam

4.Mamopartha samastha duritha kshaya dwara sri parameswara preethyratham, Brahma yagnena yakshye

5.Chant Vidhuyudhasi vruscha me papamanam,

Rhithaath Sathya mupaime

Then wash your hands, do aachamana thrice, , clean your lips with hand twice, then wash your hands again, sprinkle water on left arm and left leg, touch head, eye, nose, chest, join Right and lefe palms, keep it on right leg and chant the following:-

Om Bhoo -Tatsa Vithurvarenyam

Om Bhuva- Bhargo devasya deemahi

Ogum Suva- Diyo Yona Prachodayath

Om Bhoo- Tatsa Vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya deemahi

Om Bhuva- Diyo Yona Prachodayath

Ogum Suva- Tatsa Vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya deemahi Diyo Yona Prachodayath

 

Hari Om Agnimeele purohitham yagnasya devam ruthvijam -hothaaram rathna dathamam- Hari Om

 

Om Atha Mahavrutham-Eshabhandha-Ethath Karma-Athatha samhithaya Upanishad-vidhamaga- navitha kathum maha vruthasya panchavimsathi saamidhenya Agnir vaidhevaama mavamo Vishnu

Adhaithasya samaamnaayasya vidhaane yogapatheem vakshyama ukthani vaidhanikaani gruhyani vakshyama.

Yatheendradhow dasuragne maanusham vyabhaaha hathaa. Idam jana upasrutha naarasamasas thavishyathe.

Aadjyam purusham isanam yogeeswaram yagna valkyam namo hiranya garbhaya haraye sankaraya cha- mayarasadajbhanalaga samitham

Ada seersham pravakshyami -Om ghowkhma-jma-ksshma -athatho dharma jignasa

Om namo brahmane bruhathe karomi

 

Repeat the following Manthras thrice:-

Hari Om, Ishe thwa varje thwa Vayavasthe, payavastha, devo vass savitha prarpayathu sreshta thamaya karmane-Hari Om

Hari Om agna aayahi veethaye gruna no havayadathaye -nihotha sathsi bharhishi-Hari Om

Hari om- Sanno devi rabeshtaye aapo bhavanthu [eethayte- sam no rabhisravanthu naha.-Hari om

Then recite and with little water sprinle round the head:-

Om bhoorbavassuva-Sathyam thapa sradhayam juhomi

 

Then recite three times:-

Om namo Brahmane Namosthu vagnaye-Nama Pruthvyai- Nama Oshadeebya- Namo Vaache- Namo Vachaspathaye-Namo Vishnave-Bruhathe Karomi.

 

Then clean the hands with water reciting

Vrushtirasi vruschame-paapmaanam-rithath Sathya mupagam.

 

A:Deva Tharpanam(Pour water straight out of the hand reciting each manthra

 

Prajapathisthrupyathu/ Brahmasthrupyathu/ Vedasthrpyathu/ Devasthrupyathu/ Rishayasthruyathu/ Sarvani Shakthamsi thrupyathu/ Omkarasthrupyathu/ Vashatkarasthrupyathu/ Vyahruthayasthrupyathu/ Savithristhrupyathu/ Yagnassthrupyathu/ Dyayaprithvis thruyetham/ Anthareekshams thrupyathu/ Ahorathranisthrupyathu/ Sayamkalasthruyathu/ Siddhasthrupyanthu / thrupyathu/ sadhyasthrupyathu/ Samudhrasthrupyathu/ Nadhyasthrupyathu/ Gavasthrupyathu/ Girayasthrupyathu/ kshethroushadhivanaspathi gandharwaapsarasasthrupyathu/ Nagasthrupyathu/ Vayamsithrupyathu/ Viprasthrupyathu/ Yakshasthrupyathu/

Rakshamsithrupyathu/ Bhoothani thrupyanthu/ Eva manthasi thrupyanthu.

 

B;Rishi Tharpanam( wear Yagnopaveetha as garland and pour water towards left)

 

Sadarshinasthrupyanthu/ Madhyamasthrupyanthu/ Kruthsamadasthrupyanthu/ Viswamithras thrupyathu/ Vamadevasthrupyathu/ Vasishtasthrupyathu/ Pragadasthruyanthu/ Bhavamanasthrupyanthu/ Ksudhrasookthasthruyanthu/ Maha sookthasthruyanthu.

 

C:Pithru Thrpanam to be done only by those who have lost their father-(Wear the Yagnopavitha on the right shoulder and pour water to the right side )

Sumanthu jaimini vaisampayana paila soothra naraabhashya bharatha mahabharatha dharmacharyasthrunthu/ Janandi bhahavi gargya gowthama shaakalya Bhabravya mandavya mandugeyas thrupyanthu/ Dargi vachaknavi thrupyathu/ Badabha pradhitheyi thrupyathu/ Sulabha maithreyi thrupyathu/ Kaholam tharppayami/ Kousheethakam tharpayami/ mahe kousheethakam tharpayami/ Paingam tharpyami/ maha paingam tharpyami/ Suyagnam tharpayami/ Sankhyayanam tharpayami/ Ithreyam tharpayami/ Maha ithreyam tharpayami/ Shakalam tharpayami/ Bhashkalam tharpayami/ Sujatha vakthram tharpayami/ Oudha vahim tharpayami/ mahoudha vahim tharpayami/ Soujamim tharpayami/ Sounakam tharpayami/ Aaswalayakam tharpayami/ Ye cha anye acharya the sarva thrupyanthu

 

Then chant

 

Yathra kwacha samsthaanam,

Kshuth thrushnanopahadathmakam,

Bhoothanam thrupthaye thoyam

Idamasthu yada sukham.

Put the yagnopavitha in the normal fashion and do aachhamanam.

 

 

Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



* Taken from book on Sandhya Vandhana Bhashyam published by Ramakrishna mutt. Mylapore, Chennai, and Yajur upa karma prayoga published by R.S.Vadhyar , Kalapathy. Transliteration done by P.R.Ramachander

* The Manthras for Brahma Yagnam are given in the end.For Madhyannika manthras refer Sandhyavandana Manthras.